Hair Loss (Alopecia)

Alopecia refers to male pattern and female pattern hair loss. For men, it is genetically and androgen (male hormone) related, and in some individuals there is a familial history. For women, there could be a hormonal imbalance resulting in excessive production of androgens. The androgens stimulate body hair growth but cause hair loss of the scalp.

Treatment Options - Male

1. Topical minoxidil lotion twice daily

Non-specific stimulation of hair growth

2. Oral finasteride medication

Blocks the dihydro-testosterone reductase type 2 enzyme, resulting in deficiency of scalp active testosterone

Treatment Options - Female

1. Topical minoxidil lotion

Non-specific stimulation of hair growth

2. Anti-androgens

Blocks the target cell receptors for androgens